Native Americans of South Dakota

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This entry was originally written by Laura Hall Heuermann and Marsha Hoffman Rising, CG, FUGA, FASG for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.

This article is part of
SouthDakota sil.png
the South Dakota Family History Research series.
History of South Dakota
South Dakota Vital Records
Census Records for South Dakota
Background Sources for South Dakota
South Dakota Maps
South Dakota Land Records
South Dakota Probate Records
South Dakota Court Records
South Dakota Tax Records
South Dakota Cemetery Records
South Dakota Church Records
South Dakota Military Records
South Dakota Periodicals, Newspapers, and Manuscript Collections
South Dakota Archives, Libraries, and Societies
South Dakota Naturalizations
Native Americans of South Dakota
South Dakota County Resources
Map of South Dakota

The account of its native peoples is a bedrock of the culture and fabric of South Dakota history. The three major local history collections in the state for native research are the South Dakota State Historical Society (reservation censuses, school reports, photos, maps, manuscripts); Sinta Gleska College in Rosebud, Rosebud Indian Reservation, South Dakota; and Oglala Lakota College on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in Kyle, South Dakota.

Records for several agencies are available on microfilm at both the South Dakota State Historical Society and The Family History Library (FHL). Among them are Cheyenne River Agency (1886'1951); Crow Creek Agency (1895'1976); Pine Ridge Agency (1874'1932); Rosebud Agency (1886'1942); and Standing Rock Agency (1876'1939). Types of records vary, but many include census and vital statistics. Both the field branches of the National Archives at Kansas City and Denver hold materials generated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (see page 16).