Maryland County Resources

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This entry was originally written by Roger D. Joslyn, CG, FUGA, FGBS, FASG for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.

This article is part of
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the Maryland Family History Research series.
History of Maryland
Maryland Vital Records
Census Records for Maryland
Background Sources for Maryland
Maryland Maps
Maryland Land Records
Maryland Probate Records
Maryland Court Records
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Maryland Cemetery Records
Maryland Church Records
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Maryland Periodicals, Newspapers, and Manuscript Collections
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Maryland County Resources
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County Map of Maryland

Maryland has twenty-three counties and the city of Baltimore, which is not under county jurisdiction. At the courthouses are recorded transfers of land, estates, and other records. The first column below indicates the map coordinate. In the second column is the name of the county with the mailing address of the county circuit court clerk, where deeds, mortgages, vital records, divorces, naturalizations, and other matters are recorded. In the third column is the date the county was created and the name or names of the parent county or counties. The date the earliest land deed was recorded appears in the fourth column. In the last column is the date when Orphans' Court records begin, followed by the mailing address of that court's clerk and the register of wills, if different from the circuit court clerk. While some records are available in the counties, most original and/or microfilm copies of land, estate, vital, and court records have been transferred to the Maryland State Archives. As new county records are created, they will continue to be microfilmed and sent to the state archives. Other county offices not included below may have different mailing addresses.

Map County Circuit Court Date Formed Parent County(ies) Deeds Orphans' Court
B2 Allegany 30 Washington St., Cumberland 21502 1789 Washington 1791 1790
A courthouse fire in 1893 destroyed marriage records for 1791'1847 and naturalizations for 1892'1893.
G4 Anne Arundel P. O. Box 2395, Annapolis 21404-2395 1650 original 1653 1777 7 Church Cir., Annapolis 21401-2368
The courthouse was destroyed by fire in 1704, with the loss of all but three court record volumes. Deeds before 1699 were lost, but there are five volumes of re-recorded deeds.
G2 Baltimore 401 Bosley Ave., Towson 21204-4403 by 1659/60 original 1661 1666
G2 Baltimore City Land Records Division, 100 N. Calvert St., Rm. 610, Baltimore 21202-3417 1851 Baltimore Co. 1851 1851 111 N. Calvert St., Baltimore 21202
G5 Calvert 175 Main St., Prince Frederick 20678 1654 original 1882 1882
Prince Frederick 20678. Most records were destroyed when the courthouse burned in 1882, but some deeds dating back to 1840 were re-recorded. Abstracts of deeds sent to Annapolis beginning in 1784 and provincial court deeds/land office records also make up for some of the destroyed records.
J4 Caroline 109 Market St., P. O. Box 356, Denton 21629-0356 1773 Dorchester/ Queen Anne's 1774 1774 109 Market St., P. O. Box 416, Denton 21629-0416
F2 Carroll 55 N. Court St., Rm. G-8, P. O. Box 190, Westminster 21157-0190 1837 Baltimore/ Frederick 1837 1837 55 N. Court St., Rm. 104, Westminster 21157
Most early papers of the county court have been lost.
J2 Cecil 129 East Main St., Elkton 21921 1674 Baltimore 1674 1675
Many early court records have disappeared.
F6 Charles 200 Charles St., P. O. Box 3060, La Plata 20646-3060 1658 original 1658 1665 5200 Charles St., P. O. Box 3080, La Plata 20646-3080
H6 Dorchester 206 High St., P. O. Box 583, Cambridge 21613-0583 1669 Somerset/ Talbot 1669 1852 206 High St., Cambridge 21613
There are gaps in the court records. Some were probably lost in a fire in 1852.
E2 Frederick 100 W. Patrick St., Frederick 21701 1748 Baltimore/ Prince George's 1748 1751
There were two major fires, but no major loss of records.
A2 Garrett 203 S. 4th St., P. O. Box 447, Oakland 21550-0447 1872 Allegany 1873 1872 313 E. Alder St., Rm. 103, Oakland 21550
H2 Harford 20 West Cortland St., Bel Air 21014 1773 Baltimore 1773 1774
Some records were destroyed in a fire in 1858.
F3 Howard 8360 Court Ave., Ellicott City 21043 1850 Anne Arundel 1839 1840
The county was formed in 1838 as Howard District of Anne Arundel Co., but did not gain full county status until 1850.
J3 Kent 103 North Cross St., Chestertown 21620-1511 by 1642 original 1648 1674
A courthouse fire in 1720 destroyed some records.
F3 Montgomery 50 Maryland Ave., Rockville 20850 1776 Frederick 1777 1777
A southern section of the county was set off in 1788 to form the District of Columbia.
Patuxent 1654 (renamed Calvert, 1658) original
G5 Prince George's 14735 Main St., P.O. Box 1600, Upper Marlboro 20773-1600 1696 Calvert/Charles 1696 1698 5303 Chrysler Way, P.O. Box 1729, Upper Marlboro
J4 Queen Anne's 100 Courthouse Sq., Centreville 21617 1706 Dorchester/ Talbot/Kent 1707 1706 107 North Liberty St., P.O. Box 59, Centerville 21617-0059
G6 Saint Mary's 41605 Court House Dr., P.O. Box 676 1637 original 1827 1658 41605 Court House Dr., P.O. Box 602, Leonardtown 20650-0602
The courthouse was destroyed by fire in 1831. Some deeds were re-recorded back to 1781, and abstracts of deeds sent to Annapolis beginning in 1784 also make up for some of the records that were destroyed.
J7 Somerset 30512 Prince William St., P. O. Box 279, Princess Anne 21853-0279 1666 original 1665 1664 30512 Prince William St., Princess Anne 21853
The courthouse burned in 1831, but the records were saved.
H5 Talbot 11 N. Washington St., Easton 21601 by 1661/2 original 1662 1668 P. O. Box 816, Easton 21601-0816
D2 Washington 95 W. Washington St., Hagerstown 21740 1776 Frederick 1777 1777
Some records were lost in a courthouse fire in 1871.
J6 Wicomico North Division and Main St., P. O. Box 806, Salisbury 21801-0806 1867 Somerset/ Worcester 1867 1866 North Division and Main St., P. O. Box 787, Salisbury 21801-0787
K6 Worcester 1 W. Market St., Rm. 104, Snow Hill 21863- 1074 1742 Somerset 1742 1742 1 West Market St. Rm. 102