Ethnic Groups in Vermont

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This entry was originally written by Scott Andrew Bartley and Alice Eichholz, Ph.D., CG for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.

This article is part of
Vermont sil.png
the Vermont Family History Research series.
History of Vermont
Vermont Vital Records
Census Records for Vermont
Background Sources for Vermont
Maps for Vermont
Vermont Land Records
Vermont Probate Records
Vermont Court Records
Vermont Tax Records
Vermont Cemetery Records
Vermont Church Records
Vermont Military Records
Vermont Periodicals, Newspapers, and Manuscript Collections
Vermont Archives, Libraries, and Societies
Vermont Immigration
Vermont Naturalizations
Ethnic Groups in Vermont
Vermont County (Probate) Resources
Vermont Town Resources
Map of Vermont

Native American

Members and descendants of the Abenaki Nation of Missisquoi, St. Francis/Sokoki band in Vermont, are active in genealogical research. Contact the Abenaki Nation of Missisquoi and the Abenaki Tribal Museum and Cultural Center, 100 Grand St., Swanton, VT 05488.

See also:

Calloway, Colin G. The Western Abenakis of Vermont, 1600'1800: War, Migration, and the Survival of an Indian People. Norman, Okla.: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990.

Haviland, William A., and Marjory W. Power. The Original Vermonters: Native Inhabitants, Past and Present. Burlington: University of Vermont, 1981.


A large number of French-Canadians migrated across the border as early as the late eighteenth century and continues today. In addition to a few Quebec census records available at the Vermont Public Records Division, the Vermont French-Canadian Genealogical Society (see Archives, Libraries, and Societies) holds an excellent array of research materials of French-Canadian research. (See also American-Canadian Genealogical Society; and New England Historic Genealogical Society).

Other Ethnic Groups

Migration in the nineteenth century through the turn of this century included Irish, Russians, Italians, Poles, Greeks, and Spanish, as well as numerous other groups, mostly employed in the quarries, iron industry, and manufacturing towns. While no special collections of materials exist for research, the following is an excellent example of what can be found throughout Vermont's research materials:

Beavin, Daniel et al., Barre, Vermont: An Annotated Bibliography. Barre, Vt.: Aldrich Public Library, 1979. An itemized list of over 500 documents and groups of materials focusing on the local history of a town heavily influenced by immigration.