Census Records for Nebraska

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This entry was originally written by Marsha Hoffman Rising, CG, FUGA, FASG and Dwight A. Radford for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.

This article is part of
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the Nebraska Family History Research series.
History of Nebraska
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Population Schedules

• Indexed'1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930

• Soundex'1880, 1900, 1920

Industry and Agriculture Schedules

• 1860, 1870, 1880

Mortality Schedules

• 1860, 1870, 1880

Union Veterans Schedules

• 1890 (indexed)

The Nebraska State Historical Society has copies of the federal schedules and the 1860 to 1880 agriculture, industry, and mortality schedules.

Territorial and State

The Nebraska State Historical Society has the original enumerations for the territorial censuses. Territorial censuses are available for 1854, 1855, and 1856 and are indexed in Nebraska and Midwest Genealogical Records and at www.ancestry.com subscription databases. A few counties were recorded in censuses taken in 1867, 1874, 1875, 1878'79. Lancaster County was indexed and published in the Historical Records of Lancaster County Nebraska, Series 3, vols. 1'13 (Lincoln, Nebr.: Genealogical Records Committee of the Deborah Avery Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution [DAR], under sponsorship of the Nebraska State Historical Society, 1939).

Microfilm copies of the 1885 state census are at the Nebraska State Historical Society, the National Archives, and the FHL. Schedules include names of all members of the household and agricultural, industrial, and mortality schedules. An index is included in the 1890 Census Substitute database on www.ancestry.com.

School Censuses

Required by law, school censuses are taken every year in Nebraska. Some of these are available at the Nebraska State Historical Society and some can be found on Nebraska's USGenWeb archives, as well as on microfilm at the FHL.

External Links

  • Nebraska Census Records - free up-to-date guide to accessing Nebraska census records. Identifies federal, state, and territorial censuses, as well as substitute records (FamilySearch Research Wiki).