Census Records for Montana

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This entry was originally written by Dwight A. Radford for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.

This article is part of
Montana sil.png
the Montana Family History Research series.
History of Montana
Montana Vital Records
Census Records for Montana
Background Sources for Montana
Montana Maps
Montana Land Records
Montana Probate Records
Montana Court Records
Montana Tax Records
Montana Cemetery Records
Montana Church Records
Montana Military Records
Montana Periodicals, Newspapers, and Manuscript Collections
Montana Archives, Libraries, and Societies
Montana Immigration
Montana Naturalization
Ethnic Groups of Montana
Montana County Resources
Map of Montana


Population Schedules

• Indexed'1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930

• Soundex'1880, 1900, 1920

Industrial and Agricultural Schedules

• 1870, 1880

Mortality Schedules

• 1870, 1880

Union Veterans Schedules

• 1890 (indexed)

In 1860 the area of Montana that lies east of the Continental Divide was part of Nebraska Territory. Persons residing in this area were enumerated in the unorganized part of Nebraska Territory. The only exceptions to this were two trading posts, Fort Alexander and Fort Union, which were enumerated with unorganized Dakota. The area of Montana west of the Continental Divide was enumerated as the Bitterroot Valley and the Ponderay Mountains in Spokane County, Washington Territory.

A 'census' of miners taken during 1862 to 1863 can be found in 'List of Early Settlers: A List of All Persons (Except Indians) Who Were in What Is Now Montana During the Winter of 1862'63, Which Was the First Winter After the Gold Mines of This Region Had Become Noised Abroad,' Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana, vol. 1. (Helena, Mont.: Rocky Mountain Publishing Co., 1876). Yellowstone National Park was created in 1872, and all residents of the area were enumerated in the Wyoming census for 1880.

External Links

  • Montana Census Records - free up-to-date guide to accessing Montana census records. Identifies federal, state, and territorial censuses, as well as substitute records (FamilySearch Research Wiki).