1950 U.S. Census

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The United States Federal Census

This article is part of a series.
Overview of the U.S. Census
Finding and Reading U.S. Census Records
1790 U.S. Census
1800 U.S. Census
1810 U.S. Census
1820 U.S. Census
1830 U.S. Census
1840 U.S. Census
1850 U.S. Census
1860 U.S. Census
1870 U.S. Census
1880 U.S. Census
1890 U.S. Census
1900 U.S. Census
1910 U.S. Census
1920 U.S. Census
1930 U.S. Census
1940 U.S. Census
Census Indexes and Finding Aids
Using the Soundex with Census Records
Non-Population Schedules and Special Censuses
State and Local Censuses
Census Substitutes
African American Census Schedules
Reconstructed 1790 Census Schedules
Censuses of Native Americans
List of Useful Census References

The 1950 census was taken on April 1, 1950. The official census population count was 179,323,175. The 1950 census will become available to the public on or about April 2, 2022.

Questions Asked in the 1950 Census

The 1950 Census form called for the street, avenue, road, and house number; the number of dwelling house and family in order of visitation; whether the home was a farm or ranch; whether the house was situated on a property of 3 or more acres; if applicable, the number of the corresponding agriculture questionnaire; the name of each person whose usual place of residence on April 1, 1950 was with this family; the relationship of this person to the head of the family; each person's color or race; sex; age at last birthday; marital condition; his or her place of birth; naturalization status of the foreign-born; if the person worked or kept house most of the previous week; if not working most of the week, if they worked at all the previous week; if not, if he or she was looking for work; if he or she worked at all the previous week, how many hours; if employed or looking for work, his or her trade, profession, or particular kind of work done, and the industry of business with which he or she was involved, and his or her class of worker.

Supplementary questions were asked of those enumerated on lines 1, 6, 11, 16, 21 and 26 of each sheet: place of residence on April 1, 1949; place of birth of both parents; Highest grade of school attended and whether it was completed; if the person attended school at any time since February 1, 1950; if looking for work, how many weeks; number of weeks worked in 1949; income received in 1949; income received by entire family if the person is a family head; and any war or military service.

Other Significant Facts about the 1950 Census

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Research Tips for the 1950 Census

For additional information on the 1950 census, see the 1950 Census Records website.

Comparison of Census Information, 1790-1940

Personal Info on Census 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940
Name of family head only x x x x x x
Headcount by age, gender, ... x x x x x x
Standard census form x x x x x x x x x x x x
Names of all individuals x x x x x x x x
Age x x x x x x x x
Sex x x x x x x x x
Color x x x x x x x x
Profession or occupation x x x x x x x x
Place of birth x x x x x x x x
Attended school that year x x x x x x x x
Highest grade completed x
Married that year x x x x x
Read or write x x x x x x x x
Deaf, blind, insane, idiotic, ... x x x x x
Real estate value x x x x
Personal estate value x x
Separate slave schedule x x
Father of foreign birth x
Mother of foreign birth x
Month of birth x
Month of birth that year x x
Male citizen over 21 years x
Male over 21 denied vote x
Visitation number of dwelling x x x x x x x x x
Visitation number of family x x x x x x x x x
Street name in city x x x x x x
House number in city x x x x x x
Relationship to family head x x x x x x
Marital status x x x x x x
Month of marriage that year x
No. of months unemployed x x
Father's birthplace x x x x x sup
Mother's birthplace x x x x x sup
Sickness on census day x
Year of birth x
No. of years present marriage x x
Mother how many children x x sup
Number of children living x x
Year of immigration to US x x x x
No. of years in US x
Naturalization status x x x x
Months attended school x


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External Links

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